Why Do Rabbits Dig Holes? 5 Important Reasons You Must Know

Why do rabbits dig holes

Last Updated on November 23, 2023 by George Harry

Most of the Rabbit lovers ask why do Rabbits dig holes. There are many reasons that why rabbits dig holes? to uncover food, to expose cool earth to rest on, to try to escape, or to try to get attention.

  1. Burrows for Shelter: Wild rabbits dig holes in the ground to create burrows, which serve as their shelter and safe havens. These burrows provide protection from predators, extreme weather conditions, and temperature fluctuations. They often have multiple entrances and chambers to allow the rabbit to escape in case of danger.
  2. Nesting: Female rabbits, called does, dig burrows for nesting purposes. They create a cozy, underground nest where they can give birth to and raise their kits (baby rabbits). These nests provide a warm and secure environment for the vulnerable young rabbits.
  3. Cooling Off: On hot days, rabbits may dig shallow holes in the ground to escape the heat. They use these depressions as cool resting spots. By burrowing into the cooler earth, they can regulate their body temperature and avoid overheating.
  4. Foraging and Burying Food: Some rabbit species dig shallow holes to bury or cache food. They may store fresh vegetation, seeds, or other edible items underground for later consumption. This behavior helps them secure a food source and prevents other animals from stealing their stash.
  5. Exploration and Play: Rabbits are naturally curious and active animals. They may dig holes out of curiosity or simply for play. It’s not uncommon to see pet rabbits engaging in digging behavior as a form of entertainment and exercise.
  6. Territorial Marking: In some cases, rabbits may dig small holes as a way to mark their territory. They leave scent markings in the holes to communicate with other rabbits about their presence and dominance in a particular area.

Also See How to Keep Rabbits Cool In Hot Weather?

How Deep Do Rabbits Dig Holes?

The depth to which rabbits dig can vary depending on several factors. Wild rabbits, such as cottontails and European rabbits, are known to dig burrows that range from just a few inches to several feet deep. These burrows are often intricate, with multiple entrances and chambers, designed for safety and shelter.

Female rabbits may dig deeper when creating nesting burrows to provide a secure and insulated environment for their young, sometimes reaching depths of a foot or more underground. In contrast, pet rabbits may not dig as deep, typically limiting their digging to a few inches.

They may dig for fun, as part of foraging behavior, or to establish territorial markings. The depth of their digging can also be influenced by the type of soil or substrate they are digging in, with loose soil allowing for deeper digging. Overall, the depth to which rabbits dig varies among species, individuals, and circumstances, showcasing their adaptability and natural instincts.

Why Do Rabbits Dig Holes?

Rabbit Digging Patterns 

Rabbit digging patterns can vary widely depending on their species, purpose, and environment. In the wild, rabbits are known for their complex burrow systems, which can include multiple entrances and chambers. They dig for various reasons, such as creating shelter, finding food, or building nesting burrows.

Female rabbits, in particular, dig deeper when preparing a safe environment for their young. Pet rabbits, on the other hand, may exhibit digging behavior for playful or territorial reasons, typically digging shallow holes in their enclosures.

The patterns and depths of their digging are influenced by factors like species, individual personality, and the type of soil or substrate in which they dig. Overall, rabbits’ digging behavior is a fascinating reflection of their natural instincts and adaptability.

Why Do Rabbits Dig Holes?

How To Stop Rabbits From Digging Holes in Lawn

Fed up with a holey patch? The good news is that it’s possible to keep rabbits out of your garden, you’ll need to make the lawn unappealing to them or use a barrier to keep them out.

Here’s how to stop rabbits digging up the lawn:

Tidy Up Your Lawn

An overgrown, untidy lawn is irresistible to rabbits. Keeping your lawn in top shape will help to deter rabbits. Rabbits have many predators and aren’t drawn to large, clear areas with nowhere to hide.

Remove Hiding Spots

Wild rabbits are skittish and will bolt at the slightest noise or movement. A lawn surrounded by bushy grasses and large shrubs provides ample hiding places. Although it’s not practical to remove all the prized plants from your garden, you can help to deter rabbits by keeping shrubs tidy, trimming back any low branches and cleaning up wherever you can.

Try Natural Rabbit Repellents

Like most animals, rabbits dislike the smell of garlic, vinegar, chilli, bloodmeal and onions. You can concoct mixtures from these items and spray them liberally around the edges of the lawn to keep rabbits out. You can also soak cotton wool balls in vinegar and place them in hole-punched, lidded jars to deter rabbits.

Apply a rabbit predator urine deterrent

If you’re looking for a chemical solution for stopping rabbits from digging up the lawn, fox urine can be effective against rabbits, squirrels and even cats. A natural solution, it won’t harm any animals and many gardeners find it an effective solution for keeping rabbits away. Fox urine spray works by emitting pheromones that are offensive to rabbits.

Grow rabbit-repelling plants around your lawn

Rabbits are partial to many ornamental garden plants, but there are many that they will leave alone. A well-kept lawn bordered with peonies, foxgloves, daffodils, alliums, rosemary and (sometimes) lavender won’t be too appealing to rabbits.

Use An Ultrasonic Rabbit Deterrent

Ultrasonic deterrents work by emitting a high-frequency noise that’s inaudible to humans, but irritating to rabbits and other small furries. Many are solar or battery powered and some even include flashing lights.

Create a Rabbit-Proof Barrier

The most effective way to stop rabbits from digging up the lawn is by creating a physical barrier. Rabbits are incredible diggers so you’ll need to ensure that any rabbit-proof fencing is deep enough to stop them from burrowing underneath and wide enough to stop them from going around it.


Rabbits dig holes primarily for shelter, nesting, cooling off, foraging, exploration, play, and territorial marking. The depth of their digging varies, with wild rabbits creating complex burrow systems that can reach several feet deep, while pet rabbits tend to dig shallow holes. Rabbit digging patterns depend on species, purpose, and environment, showcasing their adaptability.

To prevent rabbits from digging up your lawn, maintain a tidy lawn, remove hiding spots, try natural repellents, consider predator urine deterrents, plant rabbit-repelling flora, use ultrasonic deterrents, or install a rabbit-proof barrier to keep these furry excavators at bay.

You Can Also Read How To Cut Rabbit Nails? 5 Best Techniques


Yes, rabbits dig burrows for shelter and protection from predators and weather.

Yes, rabbit digging can damage gardens, yards, and agricultural areas by uprooting plants and creating holes.

 While rabbits primarily dig for practical reasons, some may dig for fun or out of boredom, especially pet rabbits.

 Rabbits are attracted to digging for food, nesting, temperature regulation, territorial marking, instinct, escape routes, and sometimes recreation.

 Rabbit holes themselves aren’t typically dangerous, but they can pose tripping hazards and may attract other wildlife.

Rabbit holes can vary in size, but they are usually around 4-6 inches in diameter and can extend several feet deep, depending on the purpose and species of rabbit.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *